Models of Intervention in Community Development Work

The Basic Issue

People vary in the degree of participation in intentional intervention they feel comfortable with for the purpose of generating social change. Some people regard the "natural , spontaneous, and unplanned change in a community as being the most appropriate approach, "move in" to a community as a participant, and generate growth as a normal citizen. Many of these people would feel the concept of external "intervention" to be inappropriate in the extreme.

Others, prefer to work one step back from participative citizenship and regard their particular occupation, for example as a minister, teacher, or social worker as a platform from which to enable or empower others to grow at a pace or direction different than would otherwise happen. Sometimes it also involves inciting or empowering people in their sphere of operation to take the initiative in social change.

Still others would prefer to become active agents in social change in a community themselves, whether or not that community was their own home community.

Even within the models of intervention listed below, there are many sub-areas. For example, the area of economic development has at least fifty sub-approaches, all of which are designed to enhance the economic well being of a community or region.

The area of Community development is broad in that it covers the whole spectrum of human life together, and therefor there is a great deal of overlap in the approaches. People can undertake activities which on the surface appear quite similar, but the motives for those actions can be quite different. They may even arrive at the same results, but each group's original motivation will determine to a great extent their own perception of their degree of success or failure.

Commonly Used Approaches

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Off-Line Resources

On-line Resources